Torque converters take the place of clutches in heavy machinery and vehicles with automatic transmissions. The converters allow the motor to idle while the vehicle is stopped. A second use for converters is to supply increased torque when the motor is being revved up. This second use is especially beneficial for heavy duty motors for construction or industrial uses.
Parts of a converter
The main parts of torque converters are the housing, impeller, turbine, stator, and transmission fluid. The impeller, turbine, and stator are discs with attached vanes. The vanes are used to direct the flow of the transmission fluid. An industrial converter may employ a series of discs with attached fins to deliver a higher torque multiplier.
How converters operate
Converters provide a fluid coupling between a motor and its load. The initial load usually is a transmission. The transmission, in turn, may power the tires of a vehicle, the propeller of a boat, or industrial machinery.
When the motor is being accelerated, the motor RPM will exceed the transmission RPM. Under these conditions, the converter needs to allow slippage. The converter will also be multiplying the torque received from the motor. As the motor achieves its peak power RPM, the transmission RPM will catch up. At this stage, the converter no longer needs to allow slippage. A lockup clutch may then be triggered to connect the motor directly to the transmission. This matching speed is referred to as the converter’s stall speed. The stall speed (RPM) is frequently one of the main requirements considered when choosing a suitable converter
Twin Disc torque converters
Twin Disc converters are some of the most popular in the heavy machinery world, and can be used with farm tractors, road pavers, cranes, mining trucks, oil-rigs, logging equipment, mission-critical vehicles, watercraft, pumps, and turbines. These converters can handle diesel motors from 30 to 3500 hp.
The company also can provide stripped units for manufacturers who want to provide their own driveline assembly. The company also can provide a modulated input clutch to divide power between PTO drives and torque converters.
Clark torque converter
The Clark torque converter is manufactured for heavy-duty use in industrial applications, as well as custom-built high-performance vehicles, circle track race-cars, and drag racing cars. They can also provide “one-of-a-kind” or prototype converters.
They use a computer controlled manufacturing process and top grade materials and can maintain the precision of most parts to within 0.001 inch. In addition, they have a customer service staff of over 30 people, standing behind their product.
Manitowoc torque converter
The Manitowoc torque converter uses industrial-strength components. The company has years of experience producing and servicing heavy duty, durable equipment. They also manufacture cranes, implementing the Vicon system which uses a constant speed motor to drive two torque converters. This eliminates the need for clutches and brakes.
We’re obviously big fans of torque converters, and we’ll go above and beyond to ensure that yours is installed correctly, and running efficiently.
Our goal with this post is a general overview of Torque Fluid, we won’t be delving into any quantum physics, so if you’re a super advanced reader, you may be looking for something more in-depth. If you’re looking for a more general understanding of how torque fluid works, you’ve come to the right place!
What is Torque Fluid?
Maybe you have heard of the term “torque fluid” and were curious as to what it was used for and what it does. Torque fluid is the hydraulic fluid used in a torque converter. The viscosity (or how thick or “runny” the liquid is) helps to transfer the pressure and makes the conversion process more effective. While this may be great for heavy-duty machinery, such as construction equipment, it isn’t always what you would want in machines with less weight, like your car. The thicker the fluid is, the more energy it transfers from one part of the transmission to another. Read Full Article →
There are a huge number of different transmissions being put to use in a wide variety of simple and complex machinery. Each model uses different types of transmission designs to convert power and drive the engine. With each variety of system comes different abilities and, of course, their own set of unique problems. The most uncommon transmissions are those being put to use in heavy machinery such as hydrostatic transmissions, hydrodynamic systems, and electric transmissions. In each of these cases, the transmission system is essentially converting power from its source for transmission into various gears and components. This transmission mechanism differs accordingly. In virtually all cases, however, the clutch and transmission of a vehicle will be intricately related, controlling the transition between gears which are responsible for transferring power. The number of gears and precise machining necessary for a clutch and transmission to work together properly ends up becoming the source of a great many problems in the engine as a whole. Read Full Article →
Image courtesy of unic-cranes.co.uk
Typically we provide clutch and transmission services for some of the world’s largest and most powerful cranes. Our crane parts, clutches, transmissions, power take-offs, torque converters and brakes can be found doing work in a wide range of countries for a variety of jobs. But sometimes jobs on a smaller scale are still too much for us to do without some assistance. For those jobs, a large crane may be too much. For some of those jobs, a large crane may not even fit.
UNIC Cranes Europe claims to have “the world’s most compact mini cranes,” and it seems like they’re right. The company, based in England, has engineered and built some of the most impressive cranes on the market. Their cranes, which they call “spider cranes,” are small, light, durable and able to reach areas that are typically very difficult to access.
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If you’re here, it’s likely you don’t just have a passing interest in industrial power take-offs. You’ve either used a PTO before or are planning to use one soon. And if you’re using PTOs, you know that there is a wide range of types and brands that can be installed and utilized for various powerful machines.
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Water is considered one of the most important elements in nature. The prevalence of water (it covers over 70% of the earth) and it’s fundamental role in survival results in it being one of the most studied and versatile substances in existence. Humanity has figured out many ways to utilize the potential that water has, from impressive dams and turbines producing hydroelectric power to squeezing it into small pipes and spaces to provide cooling for engines. Water isn’t the only important fluid with industrial applications – another substance that has become increasingly important and adaptable is hydraulic fluid, which is an essential element in the function of industrial torque converters.
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K&L Clutch and Transmission would like to wish our valued customers a safe and happy New Years, and all the best for 2013.
We are grateful that you chose us for your heavy machinery clutch and transmission parts and service needs and we hope we can continue to offer you the highest quality in goods and service as we move forward into the new year.
We try to actively defend our reputation, if you have any concerns with our service, please don’t hesitate to let us know. If you have already benefited from our top quality parts and excellent customer service, allow us to thank you again! Feel free to check out our range of products.
Once again, all the best for 2013!
The spring and summer building seasons are just around the corner, which means now is a great time to make sure your company’s heavy equipment will be ready when it does.
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Pneumatic clutches are very powerful and an excellent fit for the large industrial machines your company depends on for your toughest job-site challenges, including auto cranes and other construction vehicles.
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